LEARNING HOW TO DEBATE


HOW TO WRITE A SUMMARY



DESCRIBING A PERSON WHO HAS INFLUENCED YOUR LIFE
DESCRIBING A FRIEND
HOW TO DESCRIBE A PERSON

DWELLING VOCABULARY
DESCRIBING A HOUSE
DESCRIBING A FARM
ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE A FARM
Model Place Descriptions
DESCRIBING A PLACE
HOW TO WRITE THE DESCRIPTION OF A PLACE



LISTENING



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TOEFL LISTENING EXERCISE 1
LISTENING EXERCISE 1
LISTENING: AUDIO
TOEFL LISTENING EXERCISE
LISTENING PRACTICE TEST SAMPLE PART 1
IELTS SECTION 2 SAMPLE A
IELTS SECTION 3 SAMPLE A

IELTS SECTION 4 A


COMMON COLLOCATIONS
COLLOCATION: MEANING
ACADEMIC WORD LIST COLLOCATION


MICHIGAN TEST LISTENING
MICHIGAN TEST, ONLINE




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HOW TO USE SENSE VERBS + "OF" or "LIKE"
IS IT POSSIBLE SENSE VERBS + -ING FORM?
CONFUSING SENSORY VERBS
ING & ED ADJECTIVES
LIST OF ADJECTIVES









EITLS WRITING SAMPLES
GENERAL TASK 1
General Training Writing Task 1 should be written in the style appropriate to the task: if it is a letter to a friend, it should be written in a friendly, informal style; if it is a letter to a company or institution, it should be written in a formal style.

Model answer

Dear Sara,
My departure date for Canada is drawing near, and I am busy with preparations. I have enrolled at an institution called ‘IDT English’ in Ottawa, for a four-month intermediate course, full-time. It is quite expensive but I am hopeful of improving my pronunciation, especially.
To assist in covering the costs of my study, I aim to find a part-time job. Not only are the college fees rather high, but also I know that rental accommodation in the capital city will not be cheap, to say nothing of food and heating expenses! So I would very much like to arrange some temporary employment before I arrive.
I was wondering if you could ask around among your friends and colleagues to see if anyone wants a house-cleaner, gardener, or nanny for their children. I know you have a wide social network in Ottawa which you could canvas for me, if you wouldn't mind. I'd be so grateful.
I look forward to seeing you soon.
Best wishes,
Helen
(167 words)
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SOME USEFULL EXPRESSIONS TO WRITE ABOUT GRAPHS


The following links provide usefull expresions to write about graphs, how to describe them and how to create or define a trend.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below gives information about the most common sports played in New Zealand in 2002.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
IELTS Writing Task 1

Model answer

The bar graph provides information about the most Common sports played in New Zealand in 2002. It gives figures for both boys and girls and clearly shows that their participation in sports is fairly equal. However, their sporting preferences tend to be different.
According to the graph, the most popular sport among girls is netball, with participation rates reaching 25 per cent. A similar percentage of boys prefer soccer, which is clearly their favourite sport. Ten per cent of boys also enjoy playing cricket but hardly any girls take part in this game. While swimming is popular among both boys and girls, fewer boys participate in this sport - about 13 per cent compared to approximately 22 per cent of girls.
Other sports such as tennis, basketball and martial arts have lower levels of popularity, and a significant percentage of boys and girls say they enjoy sports not referred to on the chart.
(153 words)

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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows relative price changes for fresh fruits and vegetables, sugars and sweets, and carbonated drinks between 1978 and 2009.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
IELTS Writing Task 1
Data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and represent the U.S. city averages for all urban consumers in January of each year.
Read the following model answer. Complete the answer by filling the gaps with a word from the box below.
periodicperiodtemporarilyremainedand
steadysteadilybyfromtrend

Model answer

The graph shows changes in the price of fresh fruits and vegetables, sugar and sweets, and carbonated drinks over a thirty-year .......... in the US between 1979 .......... 2009. The graph also shows the general .......... in the consumer price index during this time.
While the consumer price index showed a slow and .......... increase from 1979 to 2009, the same cannot be said for the price of carbonated, or soft drinks. After rising briefly between 1979 and 1981, they .......... fairly constant until 1999, when the price did begin to increase slowly.
In contrast, there was a marked difference in the price of fresh fruits and vegetables, which, despite.......... fluctuations, rose .......... throughout this period. In fact, fresh food prices only levelled out.......... between 1990 and 1992 and again .......... 2000 to 2001. However, .......... 2008 the price had increased by more than 300%.





When you first see a bar chart, ask yourself the following questions:

1) What do the numbers on the vertical/horizontal axis measures?
2) How is the information grouped on the other axis?
3) What do the different shades of the bars show?
4) When was the data collected?

The answers will give you the essential information for understanding it. Make sure you know which units are being used to measure quantities.
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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below gives information about science qualifications held by people in two countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
ielts writing sample

Model answer

The bar chart illustrates the percentage of people who hold a science qualification in Singapore and Malaysia. A prominent feature is that a significantly low percentage of people hold science qualifications, that is Master’s and Bachelor’s degrees in science from university level studies in both countries. Less than 5% of people hold a qualification in science at Master’s degree level in both Singapore and Malaysia.
There is a significant difference in the percentage of people holding science qualifications at Bachelor level between the two countries; while this number is 20% in Singapore, in Malaysia it is a mere 10%. The percentage of people with school leaving exams in science is slightly higher in Malaysia than in Singapore. 35% of people in Malaysia have a science qualification at this level, whereas the number in Singapore is 5% lower. Finally, more than half the people in both countries hold no science qualification at all.
(152 words)

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IELTS Speaking : Family Tradition

For Part 2 of the IELTS Speaking exam, you will be given a task card, a pencil and some paper and you will have one minute to prepare.

1) Use this minute to make notes that will help you to keep talking for two minutes.
2) Read the task card carefully and identify the different prompts you should talk about.
3) Use clear signals when you move on from one prompt to the next.











Take one minute to prepare a talk on the following subject.
Take notes if you like and remember to include reasons and examples.
You should then speak for between one and two minutes.
Describe your favourite family tradition.

You should say:
  • what the tradition is
  • when it occurs
  • what you do
and explain why it is your favourite tradition.





























IELTS Speaking : Family Tradition

Take one minute to prepare a talk on the following subject.
Take notes if you like and remember to include reasons and examples.
You should then speak for between one and two minutes.
Describe your favourite family tradition.

You should say:
  • what the tradition is
  • when it occurs
  • what you do
and explain why it is your favourite tradition.

Test Tip

For Part 2 of the IELTS Speaking exam, you will be given a task card, a pencil and some paper and you will have one minute to prepare.

1) Use this minute to make notes that will help you to keep talking for two minutes.
2) Read the task card carefully and identify the different prompts you should talk about.
3) Use clear signals when you move on from one prompt to the next.

Model answer


My favourite family tradition is most certainly Thanksgiving, which is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. Thanksgiving is a wonderful holiday. Actually, everyday should be a day of Thanksgiving. My family loves to celebrate this holiday.
It is a yearly tradition for our family to gather at my grandma’s house for Thanksgiving. I always look forward to this event. My cousins and other family members that I do not get to see often are there. My grandma and other family members prepare a big meal. There is always plenty for everyone. The main thing is of course the turkey. I like turkey, especially the legs. My uncle never eats turkey. He says it is an ugly bird, and he doesn’t want to eat it. When I was younger, I would always want to get the wishbone and break it. We also have sides to go along with the turkey. Everyone loves my grandma’s mashed potatoes. We also have rolls, dressing, cranberry sauce, and yams. Then, for dessert we have fresh pumpkin pie with whipped cream. Before we eat everyone always gathers around the table and someone says the blessing.
Thanksgiving is always a good time of fellowship and bonding for my family. We usually watch some of the parade on television or a football game. Sometimes after everyone is done eating, we play card games like Rook. You can see why this is a favorite tradition for me and my family. I wish we could do it more often.


HOW  TO DEBATE

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SOME RESOURCES TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT


  1. EXPRESSING WORDS FOR DEBATING
  2. USEFUL DEBATE VOCABULARY
  3. EXPRESSIONS FOR DEBATE AND DISCUSSION
  4. HOW TO WRITE A DEBATE OUTLINE
The following video shows us some tips for us to learn how to create and use a "Flowing chart" when debating.



Uploaded on May 4, 2011
Learn how to flow a Team Policy debate round by following the four simple steps in this lesson!

The Logos Forensics Association

The following links could be very useful since it provides material to set a debate program at school. If you plan to work on it, take into account it requires planning and enough time to develop the necessary skills to achieve the goals proposed in the program.
I hope you realy like and take advantages of this material.

  1. High School Public Debate Program